[Svrilist] SVRI Update

Liz Dartnall svri at mrc.ac.za
Tue Jul 25 10:10:04 SAST 2006

Dear SVRI List Members

To follow is the SVRI Update which contains a variety of sexual violence 
related research and resources. Please email svri at mrc.ac.za 
<mailto:svri at mrc.ac.za> if you would like us to include relevant sexual 
violence resources and materials in the SVRI Updates. For more 
information and resources on sexual violence and the SVRI visit 
www.svri.org <http://www.svri.org>.

Protecting Young Women from HIV/AIDS: The Case Against Child and 
Adolescent Marriage, By Shelley Clark, Judith Bruce and Annie Dude,  
International Family Planning Perspectives, Volume 32, Number 2, June 
2006.   Demographic and Health Survey data from 29 countries in Africa 
and Latin America were used to examine the frequency of factors that may 
increase HIV risk in married women aged 15-19.  Several behavioral and 
social factors may increase the vulnerability of married female 
adolescents to HIV infection. First, these young women engage in 
frequent unprotected sex: In most countries, more than 80% of 
adolescents who had had unprotected sex during the previous week were 
married. Second, women who marry young tend to have much older husbands 
(mean age difference, 5-14 years) and, in polygamous societies, are 
frequently junior wives, factors that may increase the probability that 
their husbands are infected and weaken their bargaining power within the 
marriage. Third, married adolescents have relatively little access to 
educational and media sources of information about HIV. Finally, the 
most common AIDS prevention strategies (abstinence, condom use) are not 
realistic options for many married adolescents. New policies and 
interventions, tailored to the sexual and behavioral profiles of women 
in each country, are needed to address the vulnerabilities of adolescent 
wives. In some countries, delaying age at marriage may be an important 
strategy; in others, making intercourse within marriage safer may be 
more valuable.  Study findings available on line at:  

Brazil-Sao Paulo State: Imprisoned Women in Precarious Situation, By 
Traductor Daniel Barrantes, Adital, Translated by Rachel Eckersley.  
Absence of data and the growing female inmate population in the 
Brazilian state of Sao Paulo has caused the Prison Pastoral and the 
Institute of Land, Labour and Civil Society (Instituto Terra, Trabalho e 
Cidadania or ITTC), in cooperation with the British Council, to carry 
out a study of the circumstances under which the incarcerated women 
live. The outcome of the study aims to call attention to the situation 
of these women and to seek an innovative proposal that the Sao Paulan 
government may consider, collaborating to establish an effective 
dialogue with authorities that takes into account the divergences and 
diversities of the daily lives of incarcerated women.  Full article 
available at:  

Global Health Technical Briefs: Accelerating the Abandonment of Female 
Genital Cutting: Community Change to Support Human Rights.  Female 
genital cutting affects an estimated 130 million girls and women, mainly 
in Africa, and often leads to serious health problems. Community-based 
approaches to accelerating abandonment of FGC have the best chance of 
achieving sustainable change.  Technical Brief available on line: at 
 http://www.maqweb.org/techbriefs/tb31fgc.shtml or 

'Scaling Up' Good Practices in Girls' Education, By UNESCO.  UNESCO 
published this book in 2005 within the framework of the United Nations 
Girls' Education Initiative (UNGEI), the Education For All flagship for 
girls' education and the principal movement to narrow the gender gap in 
primary and secondary education. Now available in Spanish and Arabic, 
this publication focuses on strategies for meeting international targets 
and national goals for universalizing girls' access to, retention in and 
completion of quality education.  Available on line:  

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