[Svrilist] SVRI Update: 03 07 07

Sexual Violence Research Initiative svri at mrc.ac.za
Tue Jul 3 09:30:05 SAST 2007

Dear SVRI List Members

To follow is the SVRI Update which contains a variety of sexual violence related research and resources. Please email svri at mrc.ac.za if you would like us to include relevant sexual violence resources and materials in the SVRI Updates. For more information and resources on sexual violence and the Sexual Violence Research Initiative visit www.svri.org <http://www.svri.org/>  

Today's SVRI Update includes the following:
[Summaries directly taken or adapted from source]

I.  Websites
II.  Online Resources and Publications
III.  Other Online Resources
IV.  Call for Abstracts / Papers
V.  Funding Sources

I.  Websites:

Refworld:  Refworld is the leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status. Refworld contains a vast collection of reports relating to situations in countries of origin, policy documents and positions, and documents relating to international and national legal frameworks. The information has been carefully selected and compiled from UNHCR's global network of field offices, Governments, international, regional and non-governmental organizations, academic institutions and judicial bodies.  Website:  http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/refworld/rwmain

The AIDS, Security and Conflict Initiative:  The AIDS, Security and Conflict Initiative (ASCI) officially launched in September 2006. ASCI is a global research initiative to inform policy and programming by strengthening the evidence base and addressing critical gaps in knowledge across several thematic areas: HIV/AIDS in uniformed services, including military, peacekeeping and policing; HIV/AIDS, humanitarian crises and post-conflict transitions; HIV/AIDS, fragile and crisis states and Cross-cutting issues of gender, data collection & measurement, and media representation.  Website: http://asci.ssrc.org <http://asci.ssrc.org/> 

II.  Online Resources and Publications

Comprehensive response to rape needed in conflict settings, Jewkes R.  Volume 369 Number 9580 June 30 - July 6, 2007:  War in Africa is generally assumed to be one of the factors fuelling the HIV epidemic.  In today's Lancet [see article below], Paul Spiegel and colleagues draw together a substantial amount of data for prevalence of HIV infection in conflict and refugee settings to empirically test the assumption about HIV spread in conflict areas. Their conclusion that there are insufficient data to support assertions that conflict and forced displacement increase HIV prevalence challenges the conventional wisdom. Read more [short registration required to access article online]:  http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS014067360760991X/fulltext

"Prevalence of HIV infection in conflict-affected and displaced people in seven sub-Saharan African countries: a systematic review" Spiegel, P., A. Bennedsen R, et al. The Lancet 369: 2187-2195, 2007:   Violence and rape are believed to fuel the HIV epidemic in countries affected by conflict. This study compared HIV prevalence in populations directly affected by conflict with that in those not directly affected and in refugees versus the nearest surrounding host communities in sub-Saharan African countries. ....... Despite wide-scale rape in many countries, there are no data to show that rape increased prevalence of HIV infection at the population level. Read more [short registration required to access article online]:  http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140673607610150/abstract

¡Ver y atender! Guía práctica para conocer cómo funcionan los servicios de salud para mujeres víctimas y sobrevivientes de violencia sexual, Erika Troncoso, Deborah Billings, Olivia Ortiz, Cuautli Suarez, IPAS, 2007:  This guide (English forthcoming) contains data collection instruments that can be used by providers that serve female sexual violence survivors/victims, as well as managers of health services, to identify components of care that can be strengthened and to identify best practices. The methodology and instruments are based on experience and a model of care tested in four Latin American countries. The guide addresses three key elements of care for women and adolescent victims/survivors of sexual violence: the normative and legal frameworks for care; health services from the perspectives of women and health-care providers; and strategies for interagency collaboration, especially between the health and legal sectors. User-friendly data entry forms in Excel are included to aid providers in creating databases and analyzing the information generated. http://www.ipas.org/english/publications/violence_against_women.asp

An evaluation of health care providers' sexual violence screening practices, Heather L. Littleton, Abbey B. Berenson and Carmen Radecki Breitkopf,  American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Volume 196, Issue 6, Pages 564.e1-564.e7, 2007:  The objective of the study was to evaluate whether health care providers (HCPs) screen women and provide them with information about sexual violence and how women receive this information.  Read more online at:  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6W9P-4P0VXYC-10&_user=10&_coverDate=06%2F30%2F2007&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=d415d57f7bfd39dd6554bf433365a3d7

Meeting Needs for Reproductive Health Services in Post-Conflict Environments: CARE's Family Planning Project in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, May 2007:  The need for reproductive health care, including family planning, does not diminish during or after crises; rather, the need grows, while supply diminishes. Yet the health delivery system, including health care providers, donors and NGOs, often relegates family planning to a second- or third-tier intervention after the more "urgent" needs of a population are met. This article reviews how CARE and USAID introduced a family planning program to remote, war-torn Maniema province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and describes the results achieved and lessons learned to date. Read more:  http://www.care.org/careswork/whatwedo/health/downloads/vftv_drc.pdf

Widowhood In Iraq: A Neglected Gender Issue, Widows For Peace Through Democracy, 2007:  The effects of decades of violence; the Iraq-Iran war, extra-judicial killings and now the occupation, insurgency and lawlessness have resulted in a significant increase in the numbers of Iraqi widows and wives of the "disappeared". [Source: WUNRN] Full document online at: http://www.channel4.com/news/microsites/I/the_iraq_commission/pdfs/owen_submission.pdf

Rights and Realities: Monitoring Reports on the Status of Indonesian Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights.  Findings from the Indonesian Reproductive Health and Rights Monitoring & Advocacy (IRRMA) Project, Thanenthiran S & Khan A (Eds), ARROW, 2007: The report Rights and Realities: Monitoring Reports on the Status so Indonesian Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights is the result of an extraordinary commitment on the part of women, men and young people who participated in the partnership strategy to advance sexual and reproductive rights in Indonesia. The Indonesian Reproductive Health and Rights Monitoring and Advocacy (IRRMA) Project built capacities for evidence-based advocacy on critical SRHR issues in Indonesia. Full report:  http://www.arrow.org.my/images/publications/research/IRRMA/ch01_fa.pdf

Laws Without Justice: An Assessment of Sudanese Laws Affecting Survivors of Rape, Refugees International, 2007: Laws Without Justice: An Assessment of Sudanese Laws Affecting Survivors of Rape outlines a system of Sudanese laws that exposes rape victims to further abuse, shields perpetrators from prosecution, limits the ability for survivors to receive medical services and generally denies any access to justice. The report examines these laws and makes a series of recommendations on how the laws can be revised.  Online link:  http://www.refugeesinternational.org/content/publication/detail/10070

Paediatricians' views on smacking children as a form of discipline.  Slade AM, Tapping CR. Eur J Pediatr 2007:  Smacking children as a form of discipline is controversial. This study examined British Paediatricians' views on smacking. We found that their views varied and may be influenced by their personal experiences. This may affect their decision to investigate suspected child abuse and the advice given to parents. More teaching for doctors is required on alternative disciplinary methods. [Source: SafetyLit: 2 July] Abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_65090_24

Prevalence and correlates of adolescent dating violence: Baseline study of a cohort of 7960 male and female Mexican public school students. Rivera-Rivera L, Allen-Leigh B, Rodríguez-Ortega G, Chávez-Ayala R, Lazcano-Ponce E. Prev Med 2007: Factors correlated with adolescent dating violence have yet to be documented in most developing countries; this study assesses the prevalence and correlates of victimization with and perpetration of dating violence among Mexican youth. [Source: SafetyLit: 2 July] Abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_62446_24

Neurobiological effects of childhood abuse. Rick S, Douglas DH. J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv; 45(4): 47-54. 2007:  Child abuse and violence are significant public health problems. Research indicates a strong correlation between early childhood abuse and enduring neurobiological changes in specific regions of the brain. These neurobiological changes are often reflected in psychopathology and lifelong maladaptive behaviors. However, emerging research suggests that these neurobiological changes may be modified through specific evidence-based interventions. Nurses must be able to evaluate the current research and translate the findings into their practice, remembering that prevention is the most effective remedy for abuse and violence. [Source: SafetyLit: 2 July] Abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_62514_23

Substance use during sexual and physical assault in HIV-infected persons.  Chuang CH, Liebschutz JM, Cheng DM, Raj A, Samet JH. Violence Vict; 22(2): 216-25. 2007:  Data from the HIV-Alcohol Longitudinal Cohort was used to determine the prevalence of substance use by victims and assailants during physical and sexual assault against HIV-infected persons and whether these findings differed by gender. [Source: SafetyLit: 2 July] Abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_62498_1

Integrating intimate partner violence prevention into daily practice. Kelly PJ. J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv; 45(4): 8-9, 2007:  Research on IPV has mainly focused on the identification of abuse, rather than on evaluating interventions that aim for long-term effects. Until there are well-designed studies to determine which prevention strategies are most effective, nurses can use their counseling and education skills to ensure that women are screened and that resources are made available to those who screen positive. [Source: SafetyLit: 2 July] Abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_62619_2

Neurobiological effects of childhood abuse. Rick S, Douglas DH. J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv; 45(4): 47-54. 2007:  Child abuse and violence are significant public health problems. Research indicates a strong correlation between early childhood abuse and enduring neurobiological changes in specific regions of the brain. These neurobiological changes are often reflected in psychopathology and lifelong maladaptive behaviors. However, emerging research suggests that these neurobiological changes may be modified through specific evidence-based interventions. Nurses must be able to evaluate the current research and translate the findings into their practice, remembering that prevention is the most effective remedy for abuse and violence. [Source: SafetyLit: 2 July] Abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_62514_6

Frightened in isolation: unique considerations for research of sexual assault and interpersonal violence in rural areas. Averill JB, Padilla AO, Clements PT. J Forensic Nurs; 3(1): 42-6. 2007:  One of the least understood topics in forensic science is the unique nature of sexual assault and interpersonal violence in rural settings. There is a need to identify and clarify intervention strategies at all levels of prevention in geographically isolated communities. [Source: SafetyLit: 2 July] Abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_62495_15

Intimate partner violence: systematic review of literature focused on the cultures of Hawai'i. Magnussen L, Shoultz J, Oneha MF, Hla MM, Brees-Saunders Z. Hawaii Med J; 66(5): 129-33. 2007:  Although research on intimate partner violence (IPV) categorizes populations broadly; there is great diversity within the broad categories of Asian and Pacific Islanders. This paper reviewed the literature published between 1996 and 2005 focused on the intersection of IPV and culture within specific cultures in the State of Hawai'i. The current research literature related to IPV against women and these specific populations is summarized. [Source: SafetyLit: 2 July] Abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_64755_20

Manipulation and force as sexual coercion tactics: conceptual and empirical differences. Lyndon AE, White JW, Kadlec KM. Aggressive Behav; 33(4): 291-303. 2007:  This study examines the relationship between perpetrator characteristics, situational characteristics, and type of sexual coercion tactics used to obtain sexual contact (including sexual intercourse) with an unwilling partner. Men who used manipulation or force were compared to each other and to men who engaged in only consensual sex. [Source: SafetyLit: 2 July] Abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_65109_20

Migration, sexual exploitation, and women's health: a case report from a community health center. Miller E, Decker MR, Silverman JG, Raj A. Violence Against Women; 13(5): 486-97. 2007:  An estimated 50,000 women and children are annually trafficked into the United States, resulting in complex health and social consequences and significant risk for violence. This article presents a case of a trafficked woman identified in the U.S. health system and describes the vulnerabilities to forced prostitution as a result of trafficking and the challenges in providing an effective and comprehensive response to meet safety and health care needs. [Source: SafetyLit: 2 July] Abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_62618_20

Male batterers with and without psychopathy: an exploratory study in Spanish prisons.  Echeburúa E, Fernández-Montalvo J. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol; 51(3): 254-63. 2007:  The aim of this study was to analyze the differential profile of male batterers in prison with and without psychopathy. [Source: SafetyLit: 2 July] Abstract:  http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_62616_20

Partner violence against pregnant women in Mexico City. Doubova Dubova SV, Pámanes-González V, Billings DL, Torres-Arreola Ldel P. Rev Saude Publica; 41(4): 582-90. 2007:  The study aims to assess factors related to partner violence against pregnant women. [Source: SafetyLit: 2 July] Abstract:  http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_65123_20

WHO/UNHCR "Clinical Management of Rape Survivors" guidelines:  Now available in Arabic:  http://www.emro.who.int/eha/pdf/ClinicalManag_Rape_Survivors_arabic.pdf

III.  Other Online Resources

The BaseBox:  The BaseBox is a collection of tools for the day to day running of small to medium sized NGOs. Produced by Tactical Tech in association with Women'sNet, the BaseBox aims to make it easier to set up base, find the right software and learn how to use it.  Targeted primarily at activist and advocacy organisations in developing countries the Box contains a set of peer-reviewed Free and Open Source Software tools, with associated guides and tutorials. The edition can be accessed online but it's primary form is as a physical box set of CDs, providing immediate access to all the software tools without the need to download them. The physical box will become available in the coming weeks.  Read more:  http://base.ngoinabox.org <http://base.ngoinabox.org/> 

Creating a Distribution Database for 'Gender and Indicators' Cutting Edge Packs, Bridge, 2007:  We are excited to announce that in July, BRIDGE will publish 'Gender and Indicators' - the latest in our series of Cutting Edge Packs. To maximise the reach and impact of the Pack, we are trying to identify people/organisations who are most likely to need, use and value this resource. If you have any suggestions about who we should send the Pack to - both gender and non-gender specialists - we would be very grateful if you could reply to Elaine Mercer e.mercer at ids.ac.uk  with their contact details.

IV.  Call for Abstracts / Papers:

Call for Authors - Routledge/UNRISD Research in Gender and Development:  This new Routledge/UNRISD series engages with a wide range of contested issues-politics and governance, identity and conflict, welfare state and social policy reform, markets and macroeconomics, the care economy, migration and social rights-through a gender lens and with insights gained from feminist theory. The series is intended for scholars and students of gender studies, development studies, comparative politics and related disciplines. The following titles are forthcoming in the series: New Perspectives on Gender and Migration: Livelihoods, Rights, and Entitlements Edited by Nicola Piper (September 2007); Gendered Peace: Women's Struggles for Post-War Justice and Reconciliation Edited by Donna Pankhurst (October 2007);  Reversing the Gaze: Global Perspectives on Nordic Approaches to Gender Equality Edited by Naila Kabeer and Agneta Stark with Edda Magnus (2008); Governing Women: Women's Political Effectiveness in Contexts of Democratization and Governance Reform Edited by Anne Marie Goetz (2008); Development Strategies, Macroeconomic Policies and Gender Equality Edited by Gunseli Berik, Yana Rodgers and Ann Zammit (2008); The Gendered Impacts of Liberalization: Towards Embedded Liberalism? Edited by Shahra Razavi (2008).  All titles in this series are subject to strict peer review by anonymous referees. UNRISD is interested in soliciting volumes (edited or single authored) for this series with a strong gender analytical content and on the themes highlighted above. Interested authors should submit the following documents to Eleanor Hutchinson <mailto:hutchinson at unrisd.org> : an extended abstract of 1,000-2,000 words, outlining the main research questions/issues, hypotheses and structure of the volume. And full contact details, a current CV and a copy of a previous publication on the subject. 

Call for Papers:  Seminar on child labour, education and youth employment, Paris, 13-14 December 2007: UCW project and the Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne are organizing a two-day seminar to present recent research on child labour and its linkages with educational and youth employment outcomes. The seminar will also aim at identifying key information gaps relating to these themse, thereby helping to guide future research efforts. We are calling for papers for presentation at the seminar: all proposal should be submitted by 15 July 2007.  Read more:  http://topics.developmentgateway.org/gender/rc/ItemDetail.do?itemId=1105795

2nd Call for Abstracts: 3rd African Conference on Sexual Health and rights: Sexuality, Poverty and Accountability in Africa" 4 to 7 February 2008, Abuja, Nigeria:  Deadline EXTENDED: September 30, 2007.  More details online at:  http://africasexuality.org <http://africasexuality.org/> 

V.  Funding Sources:

United Nations Voluntary Fund on Contemporary Forms of Slavery:  To many, slavery is synonymous with the transatlantic slave trade, but sadly slavery is not solely a historical phenomenon; it still exists in various contemporary forms. The United Nations Voluntary Trust Fund on Contemporary Forms of Slavery was established in 1991 (General Assembly resolution 46/122) to bring such vices to world attention in a bid to eliminate them, and to assist victims and those working to support them. Website:  http://www.ohchr.org/english/about/funds/slavery

For more information on possible funding links for research on sexual violence visit:  http://www.svri.org/funding.htm


Sexual violence is a global issue that requires coordinated evidence-based responses.

The Sexual Violence Research Initiative, an initiative of the Global Forum for Health Research, is hosted by the Medical Research Council, South Africa.  The SVRI aims to promote research on sexual violence and generate empirical data to ensure sexual violence is recognized as a priority public health problem.  To learn more about the SVRI visit our website www.svri.org <http://www.svri.org/>  or contact us at svri at mrc.ac.za To unsubscribe from the list, email svri at mrc.ac.za 

Please circulate these resources widely.




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