[Svrilist] SVRI Update: 04 06 07

Sexual Violence Research Initiative svri at mrc.ac.za
Mon Jun 4 10:59:34 SAST 2007

Dear SVRI List Members

To follow is the SVRI Update which contains a variety of sexual violence related research and resources. Please email svri at mrc.ac.za if you would like us to include relevant sexual violence resources and materials in the SVRI Updates. For more information and resources on sexual violence and the Sexual Violence Research Initiative visit www.svri.org <http://www.svri.org/>  

Today's SVRI Update includes the following:
[Summaries directly taken or adapted from source]

I.  Online Resources and Publications
II.  Websites
III. Nairobi Declaration
IV.  Call for Papers
V.  Call for Applications / Proposals
VI.  Requests for Comments
VII. SVRI/AIDS Portal:  Knowledge library and exchange platform on Sexual violence & HIV

I.  Online Resources and Publications:

Epidemic of Inequality: Women's Rights and HIV/AIDS in Botswana & Swaziland: An Evidence-based Report on Gender Inequity, Stigma and Discrimination, Physicians for Human Rights 2007:  Deeply entrenched gender inequities perpetuate the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Botswana and Swaziland, the two countries with the highest HIV prevalence in the world. The legal systems in both countries grant women lesser status than men, restricting property, inheritance and other rights. Social, economic and cultural practices create, enforce and perpetuate legalized gender inequalities and discrimination in all aspects of women's lives. Neither country has met its obligations under international human rights law. As a result, women continue to be disproportionately vulnerable to HIV/AIDS. Download full report online at:  http://physiciansforhumanrights.org/library/report-2007-05-25.html

Legislating against sexual violence in Kenya: an interview with the Hon. Njoki Ndungu. - Association For Women's Rights In Development. Reprod Health Matters 2007; 15(29): 149-54. Sexual violence is rampant in Kenya and the law was not adequately dealing with it. This is an interview by the Association for Women's Rights in Development (AWID) with the Hon. Njoki Ndungu, a Member of the Kenyan Parliament. It is about the history of the development and passage of the Sexual Offences Act, which came into law in Kenya in July 2006. The law contains 14 offences; it has created minimum sentences and criminalised sexual harassment. The media and radio stations had a big role in getting everyone talking about the issues, and support was widespread. Women's organisations and women's rights advocates played an important role, including lobbying members of Parliament, but there were some disagreements about tactics, such as whether demonstrations to support the bill were a good idea or not. The opposition claimed the bill would encourage women to make false rape allegations. As a way to discredit it, they also falsely claimed that it would legalise same-sex relations and abortion. Work is now in progress on a curriculum for training the police, public administration and judiciary on the new Act and its application, as well as a public awareness programme aimed at encouraging people to report incidents of sexual violence.  [Source: SafetyLit Jun 2007] http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_63890_20

Why SANEs matter: models of care for sexual violence victims in the emergency department. - Plichta SB, Clements PT, Houseman C. J Forensic Nurs 2007; 3(1): 15-23: This study examines models of SANE service in the ED and quality of care. Nurse managers of all 82 EDs in Virginia were surveyed (RR 76%). Five models emerged: 1) No SANE services (27.4%); 2) Victims transferred off-site for services (14.5%); 3) Partial coverage of services by ED SANEs (16.1%); 4) SANEs called in from off-site (6.5%); and 5) Full-coverage of services by ED SANEs (35.5%). Models 4 and 5 consistently provided a higher quality of care. [Source: SafetyLit Jun 2007] http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_62611_20

To blame or not to blame: influences of target race and observer sex on rape blame attribution. - Donovan RA. J Interpers Violence 2007; 22(6): 722-36: There is a paucity of research on the influence of racist and sexist stereotypes in rape blame attribution, including the jezebel and matriarch stereotypes of Black women. This study extends the literature by examining how victim race, perpetrator race, and participant sex affect perceptions of a rape survivor's promiscuity (jezebel stereotype) and strength and/or toughness (matriarch stereotype). The myth of the Black male sexual predator of White women is also investigated. Data provided partial support for the jezebel stereotype. There were also contradictory findings supporting and challenging the acceptance of the Black rapist of White women stereotype. No significant differences were found for the matriarch stereotype. Reasons for and implications of findings are explored. [Source: SafetyLit Jun 2007] http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_63887_21

Improving credibility assessment in child sexual abuse allegations: The role of the NICHD investigative interview protocol. Hershkowitz I, Fisher S, Lamb ME, Horowitz D. Child Abuse Neglect 2007:  OBJECTIVES: The study was designed to explore whether the credibility of children's statements regarding their alleged experiences of child sexual abuse could be assessed in a more valid and reliable way when investigative interviews were conducted using the NICHD protocol rather than in an unstructured manner. METHODS: Forty-two experienced Israeli youth investigators each assessed the credibility of allegations of sexual abuse made by alleged victims of sexual abuse when interviewed either with or without the protocol. Half of the alleged incidents were judged likely to have happened ("plausible") on the basis of independent evidence, while half were deemed unlikely to have happened ("implausible"). RESULTS: More non-protocol than protocol interviews were rated as "No judgment possible" rather than either credible or incredible. Allegations made in protocol interviews were more accurately rated as credible or incredible when they were either plausible or implausible, respectively, than those made in non-protocol statements. Levels of inter-rater reliability were also higher when protocol interviews were rated. The differences were significant only for plausible cases, however. CONCLUSIONS: The use of the NICHD protocol facilitated the assessment of credibility by child investigators although incredible allegations (those describing incidents that were unlikely to have happened) remained difficult to detect, even when the protocol was used. [Source: SafetyLit Jun 2007] http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_59187_20

In Their Own Voices: A Qualitative Study of Women's Risk for Intimate Partner Violence and HIV in South Africa. Fox AM, Jackson SS, Hansen NB, Gasa N, Crewe M, Sikkema KJ. Violence Against Women 2007; 13(6): 583-602:  This study qualitatively examines the intersections of risk for intimate partner violence (IPV) and HIV infection in South Africa. Eighteen women seeking services for relationship violence were asked semistructured questions regarding their abusive experiences and HIV risk. Participants had experienced myriad forms of abuse, which reinforced each other to create a climate that sustained abuse and multiplied HIV risk. Male partners having multiple concurrent sexual relationships, and poor relationship communication compounded female vulnerability to HIV and abuse. A social environment of silence, male power, and economic constraints enabled abuse to continue. "Breaking the silence" and women's empowerment were suggested solutions.  [Source: SafetyLit Jun 2007] http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_63938_20

Combating the Trafficking in Children for Sexual Purposes: Questions & Answers, ECPAT, 2007: http://www.childtrafficking.com/Docs/ecpat_comb_trafi_child_sex_purpqna_070402.pdf

Woman Empowerment, Womens News Network Video Collection, 2007: A video about world conditions and woman's empowerment.  Online link:  http://womennewsnetwork.vodpod.com/pod/show_video/81541?sort=latest

Sexual Violence Prevention, Lee D, Guy L, Perry B, Sniffen C, Mixson S, 2007, The Prevention Research 14(2):  In this article we will explore the use of education sessions to prevent sexual violence, and then review more comprehensive strategies, such as community mobilization, changing social norms, social marketing and policy work.  Full article:  http://www.preventconnect.org/articles/lee%202007%20Sexual%20Violence%20Prevention.pdf

Solidarity, Sustainability, and Non-Violence (SSNV) Volume 3, Number 6, June 2007:   This issue includes: Analysis of the U.N. Millennium Development Goals, with a focus on Focus on Goal 6: Fighting the HIV/AIDS Epidemic, a special focus on human trafficking as a contributing factor and a Combined analysis of MDGs 1 to 8.  Available online at:  http://www.pelicanweb.org/solisustv03n06.html

Guidance on Provider-Initiated HIV Testing and Counselling In Health Facilities, UNAIDS, WHO, Geneva, 2007:  This document responds to growing need at country level for basic operational guidance on provider-initiated HIV testing and counselling in health facilities. It is intended for a wide audience including policy-makers, HIV/AIDS programme planners and coordinators, health-care providers, non-governmental organizations providing HIV/AIDS services and civil society groups.  Read more:  http://www.who.int/hiv/who_pitc_guidelines.pdf

II.  Websites

Sexual Violence Intervention & Programs, Violence Against Women, Network:   This section of the site area contains information on the development and delivery of safe and appropriate services for victims of sexual violence. Includes materials exploring movement background and theory, program management, approaches and tools for working with victims/survivors and their allies, and interventions for offenders. Link:  http://new.vawnet.org/category/index_pages?category_id=575

Sexual Violence Prevention And Education, Violence Against Women, Network:   Effective strategies and reliable, culturally-relevant tools are necessary to bring about the heightened public awareness and focused commitment to social change. This site provides resources to support effective prevention and education activities that identify and address factors that perpetuate and increase risk of sexual violence. Materials include approaches, public education and awareness activities and campaigns, community and school based programming and training tools.  Link:  http://www.vawnet.org/SexualViolence/PreventionAndEducation/index.php

Sexual Violence Public Policy & Systems Advocacy, Violence Against Women, Network:   In order to effectively advocate for the rights and needs of victims and survivors of sexual violence and ultimately eliminate the incidence of sexual violence, the following information on public policy and systems advocacy is being provided. Public policy includes federal, state, and local laws that impact victims and survivors of sexual violence and address prevention strategies, the configuration and operation of agencies and systems that respond to and prevent sexual violence, policies and protocols, and funding for the provision of services to victims and survivors. Systems advocacy is the tool that advocates and other professionals use to ensure the rights and needs of victims of sexual violence as they negotiate systems on their journey toward healing and also to ensure that systems are working to address the prevention of sexual violence. Link:  http://new.vawnet.org/category/index_pages?category_id=128

III. Nairobi Declaration

Nairobi Declaration on Women's and Girls' Right to a Remedy and Reparation, 2007:  At the International Meeting on Women's and Girls' Right to a Remedy and Reparation, held in Nairobi from 19 to 21 March 2007, women's rights advocates and activists, as well as survivors of sexual violence in situations of conflict, from Africa, Asia, Europe, Central, North and South America, issued the following Declaration: http://www.womensrightscoalition.org/site/reparation/signature_en.php

IV.  Call for Papers 

Call for Papers - Gender & History:  Gender and History is now established as the major international journal for research and writing on the history of femininity and masculinity and of gender relations. Spanning epochs and continents, Gender & History examines changing conceptions of gender, and maps the dialogue between femininities, masculinities and their historical contexts. The journal publishes rigorous and readable articles both on particular episodes in gender history and on broader methodological questions which have ramifications for the discipline as a whole.  Call for papers for the Special Issue No. 21: Homes and Homecomings. The Special Issue is due to be published in 2009 and to appear in 2010 as a book. All articles published in Gender & History undergo full anonymous peer review. Articles should be about 9,000 words and conform to the Gender & History style: see http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0953-5233.  Proposals of 300 words should be sent to genderandhistory at nottingham.ac.uk by 31 July 2007. Those submitting successful proposals will be invited to present their articles at a conference to be held in Nottingham in early 2008. For more information, visit:  http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/pdf/home.pdf

Exchange on HIV/AIDS, Sexuality and Gender magazine:  Exchange on HIV/AIDS, Sexuality and Gender is a quarterly magazine on HIV prevention with ample attention paid to gender issues, culture, sexuality and sexual and reproductive health. The magazine is mainly aimed at (health) professionals involved in HIV/AIDS programmes in developing countries.  Exchange is looking for contributions for its forthcoming issues. The contributions we would like to receive should preferably focus on HIV in relation to gender, culture, sexual health or sexuality. We are especially interested in receiving reflective papers from programme managers and other staff of local and national level NGOs working in resource-constraint settings on their successful and promising programmes, strategies or approaches. We also welcome contributions by researchers from Africa, Asia and Latin America who are willing to summarize the results of their literature reviews or write short articles on e.g., factors contributing to programmatic success, good practices, new supportive policies or promising approaches. Opinion articles are also welcome. Please note that we prefer articles that move beyond a description of a particular problem or injustice to describe good and promising practice in programming or advocacy work.   - The deadline for all submissions is Monday 2 July 2007, the maximum number of words is 1200. - Guidelines, back issues and more information about submitting an article: www.exchange-magazine.info or www.exchange-magazine.info/po.

V.  Call for Applications / Proposals:

Call For Applications:  Bulgarian Gender Research Foundation, Women's Human Rights Training Institute II, 2007-2009:  The Bulgarian Gender Research Foundation (BGRF), the Center for Reproductive Rights (CRR) and the Network of East-West Women (NEWW) and are pleased to announce a call for applications for the second Women's Human Rights Training Institute (WHRTI), 2007-2009. The first WHRTI was held in 2004-2006.  The WHRTI is a two-year, four-part series of workshops bringing together the same group of fifteen participants over the course of the training. Through both technical workshop sessions on the European Court of Human Rights, European Court of Justice, and United Nations treaty body mechanisms, as well as substantive training sessions on violence against women, sexual and reproductive health and rights, and employment discrimination, the Institute will build the needed analysis, skills and networks among lawyers required to successfully seek justice for women.  Deadline 30 June 2007.  For more information visit:  http://bgrf.org/en/projects/other/app2institute 

Call for Proposals: Roma Initiatives Fellowship: The Open Society Institute invites proposals from Roma activists to support work on questions of social policy, human rights protection, employment policy, culture, education, health policy, and other topics important for the inclusion of Roma in society. Fellows' projects and initiatives should also contribute to advancing the goals of the Decade of Roma Inclusion 2005-2015.  Previous fellowship-sponsored initiatives included the establishment of a national Roma Civic Alliance, an anti-racism campaign in football stadiums, and the creation of a Roma culture initiative. In line with the capacity-building objective of the project, the fellowships are intended primarily for individuals active in the field of Roma rights. Interested candidates should hold a university degree (or equivalent) and have a working knowledge of English.  For more information, please see the Roma Initiatives Fellowship grant guidelines, online at:  http://www.soros.org/initiatives/roma/focus/fellowship/grants/roma_initiatives

VI.  Requests for Comments:

Updating Taking Action - the UK strategy for tackling AIDS in the developing world: an opportunity to contribute:  Significant progress has been made in the global response to AIDS since DFID launched Taking Action in July 2004, and the UK needs to update its position and approach to reflect these changes.  From Monday 11th June to Friday 27th July, the UK Consortium on AIDS & International Development will be holding a series of open online discussions on the AIDSPortal to input into the consultation to update "Taking Action" - the UK strategy on AIDS.  The first two discussions run from Monday 11th to Friday 22nd June.  They will run in parallel and focus on: 1) How can the UK best influence global and country progress to integrate sexual and reproductive health and rights within the AIDS response? And 2) What can the UK do to improve access to medicines and sexual and reproductive health and rights supplies that prevent and treat HIV and AIDS, through better pricing, availability and delivery mechanisms?  

How to participate:  Starting from Monday 11th June you can join the discussions at this link -  http://www.aidsportal.org/Topic.aspx?ID=2 <http://www.aidsportal.org/Topic.aspx?ID=2>   Click on the title of the discussion you wish to join and then 'post reply' to make your comments.  To access the discussion you must have an AIDSPortal account and be logged in. For more information on the overall consultation process and other ways to contribute visit:  http://www.aidsconsortium.org.uk/DFIDStrategyConsultation.htm 

VII.  Events:

Global Health Council Annual Conference, May 29 - June 1, 2007, Washington, D.C. Website: http://www.globalhealth.org/conference  

International Women's Summit on Women's Leadership and HIV and AIDS (IWS), July 4 to 7, 2007, Nairobi, Kenya:  Website, www.worldywca.org, 

A Focused Workshop - HIV and Gender Norms, Alcohol and Gender Based Violence: A Strategic Communication Perspective, 5 -9th August 2007, African Network For Strategic Communication In Health And Development (AfriComNet), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia:  Read more:  http://www.africomnet.org/events/africomnetPracticumdetail.pdf

VII. SVRI/AIDS Portal:  Knowledge library and exchange platform on Sexual violence & HIV

The Sexual Violence Research Initiative and the UK Consortium on AIDS and International Development are supporting the development of an in-depth knowledge library and exchange platform focused on sexual violence and HIV.  This library, hosted on AIDSPortal, is available at http://www.aidsportal.org/overlay_details.aspx?nex=53.

We are requesting any documents that you have on sexual violence and HIV to be uploaded to the portal. This collection will serve Government, civil society, the private sector and academics with a gateway to information about sexual violence and HIV.  PLEASE SUBMIT MATERIAL BY JUNE 20th.

What are we looking for?  

Primarily resources in English (although web links to sources of information in other languages are welcome).  Resources (in PDF or Word format) can cover:

a)  Research on the intersections between sexual violence and HIV
b)  Examples of interventions (awareness raising, prevention, care and support, advocacy etc.)
c)  Different types of resources (toolkits, research studies, newsletters, case studies, campaigning resources, mapping studies, position papers, advocacy statements, training materials, key contacts and networks etc.)

How can you submit information? 

You can directly upload your own documents to AIDSPortal.  Please JOIN by clicking: http://www.aidsportal.org/join.aspx ,JOINING IS FREE.  You will be given a user name and password and can then directly upload your own documents to this important new collection by going to the AIDSPortal page on Sexual Violence and HIV, http://www.aidsportal.org/overlay_details.aspx?nex=53, and clicking 'Add' in the right hand tool box. 

We will make all resources contributed available on the AIDSPortal Sexual Violence and HIV page.  They will be summarised and cross-referenced and available for others to access.  Any information published by your organisation will be given full credit.

The AIDSPortal is a global knowledge sharing network that is driven by people and facilitated by web-based tools.  The AIDSPortal facilitates networking and information sharing among a global audience of practitioners and policy-makers. 

The Sexual Violence Research Initiative is a network of experienced and committed researchers, policy-makers, activists, donors and others who are working together to promote research on sexual violence and to generate empirical data to ensure that sexual violence is recognised as a priority public health issue.  To join visit:  www.svri.org <http://www.svri.org/>  or email svri at mrc.ac.za

For more information on this project please contact: Liz Dartnall, Sexual Violence Research Initiative, svri at mrc.ac.za or Andrée Gacoin, AIDSPortal Facilitator (South Africa), andree at aidsportal.org


Sexual violence is a global issue that requires coordinated evidence-based responses.

The Sexual Violence Research Initiative, an initiative of the Global Forum for Health Research, is hosted by the Medical Research Council, South Africa.  The SVRI aims to promote research on sexual violence and generate empirical data to ensure sexual violence is recognized as a priority public health problem.  To learn more about the SVRI visit our website www.svri.org <http://www.svri.org/>  or contact us at svri at mrc.ac.za To unsubscribe from the list, email svri at mrc.ac.za 

Please circulate these resources widely.



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