[Svrilist] SVRI Update: 29 01 08

Sexual Violence Research Initiative svri at mrc.ac.za
Tue Jan 29 10:09:25 SAST 2008


Dear SVRI List Members

To follow is the SVRI Update which contains a variety of sexual violence related research and resources. Please email svri at mrc.ac.za if you would like us to include relevant sexual violence resources and materials in the SVRI Updates. For more information and resources on sexual violence and the Sexual Violence Research Initiative visit www.svri.org <http://www.svri.org/>  

Today's SVRI Update includes the following:
[Summaries directly taken or adapted from source]

I. Request from SVRI List Member:  Review of Women's Leadership and Participation in the HIV and AIDS Response
II. Websites
III. Online Publications
IV. Journal Articles
V. Events
VI. Campaigns
VII. Funding Links / Opportunities
VIII. Vacancies

I. Request from SVRI List Member:  Review of Women's Leadership and Participation in the HIV and AIDS Response

Experience shows that AIDS policies and programmes do not work for women until women's organizations - particularly those of HIV positive women and people with gender expertise - help shape their content and direction.  Currently, there is insufficient data from a gender equality perspective on country-level decision-making related to HIV and AIDS policies. To respond to this, the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), with support from UNDP, is conducting a review of the composition of national-level decision-making bodies, such as the national AIDS coordinating authorities, country coordinating mechanisms of the Global Fund to fight AIDS, TB, and Malaria, as well as local-level coordinating bodies tasked with addressing HIV and AIDS. 

The review will identify the number and position of women in decision-making positions within these mechanisms, with an emphasis on exploring the role and space accorded to HIV positive women, as well as women affected directly by the epidemic, such as care-givers within households and communities. The review will also examine the presence of gender experts or gender expertise within these mechanisms. The review and analysis will produce recommendations for policy-makers and programme implementers to ensure the promotion of women's participation within the national HIV and AIDS response, as well as provide guidance for ensuring gender expertise as a critical aspect of the planning and implementing of national strategies for HIV and AIDS.

UNIFEM and UNDP will disseminate findings in the form of a joint UNIFEM-UNDP report and will develop advocacy strategies to promote the inclusion of women infected and affected by HIV and AIDS and other women's rights advocates and experts as decision-makers at local and national levels in the response to the epidemic.

We are asking members of the SVRI to contribute to this effort.  Please share your answers to a few of the questions below for us to include as a direct quote and/or as a basis for analysis in the report.  We also welcome any other relevant insights, analysis, or materials you wish to share with us as we continue to develop this review.  In particular, we wish to receive references to model practices or programs that you see as representing best practice.

1. Are there particular challenges or opportunities that women face when participating in or leading the response to HIV and AIDS?  And how does this vary between the local, national, and global levels?
2. What lessons have you learned and recommendations would you share about strategies to increase women's participation and strengthen their leadership, particularly of HIV positive women?
3. What is the role of civil society leadership on women and AIDS, including networks of HIV positive women?
4. Where does gender expertise exist and what effect does it have on the success or efficacy of programs for women and girls?  Can you share examples?
5. What are the capacity needs to strengthen women's leadership and participation in the AIDS response?

We would appreciate receiving your responses and inputs by 8 February 2008.  Thank you in advance for your participation in this review.  Please submit all answers via email to Nazneen Damji, Programme Specialist, Gender and HIV/AIDS, UNIFEM (nazneen.damji at unifem.org <javascript:main.compose('new','t=nazneen.damji at unifem.org')> ) and Project Consultant Tyler Crone (tyler.crone at gmail.com <javascript:main.compose('new','t=tyler.crone at gmail.com')> ).

II. Websites

Health Service Research Methods:  The AcademyHealth HSR Methods Web site was designed to help researchers or research users cross-walk the language, study designs, and methods used by researchers in the variety of fields contributing to health services research. Website:  http://www.hsrmethods.org/about.aspx

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Gender Database:  The SAARC Gender Database has been set up as a joint initiative of the seven member countries: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka. The SAARC Gender Database is not for the purpose of dissemination of gender data only and has a much greater role for policy advocacy on burning gender issues, data has to be tabulated, analyzed, addressed for policy advocacy and be monitored on a continuous basis. Website: http://www.saarc-sec.org/gshop/index.html

Prevent Connect Online Conference - Eight Steps to Coalition Building: Fostering Strategic Partnerships to Prevent Violence Against Women: Links to this conference's materials are now available online at: http://www.preventconnect.org/display/displayTextItems.cfm?itemID=142&sectionID=248

III. Online Publications

Sudan: Displaced in Darfur: A generation of anger, Amnesty International, 2008: This report focuses on the situation of displaced people in Darfur. Chapter 3 focuses on women and the ever present danger of rape.  It makes recommendations to the Sudanese government, the armed opposition groups, the international community, and to the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur. [Source: WUNRN] Download full report online at:  http://www.amnesty.org/en/report/info/AFR54/001/2008

Seeking Protection From Domestic Violence. A Handbook for Victims and Non-Profit Organizations, Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe presence in Albania 2007: The purpose of this handbook is to explain what type of abuses are now considered domestic violence by the law in Albania, and how this can help people can protect themselves from further injury or even death by requesting the judge to issue protection orders against the abuser. Online at: http://www.wave-network.org/images/doku/handbook_dv_osce.pdf

"Evaluation Report on General Situation of Women in Afghanistan", Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission, 2007: This report has been prepared on the basis of a study on general status of Afghan women made by the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission. Online at: http://www.aihrc.org.af/rep_eng_wom_situation_8_march.htm 

Brazil and Compliance With CEDAW. Shadow Report of Civil Society to the Sixth National Report of Brazil on the Convention For The Elimination Of All Forms Of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). 2001 - 2005 period, 2007: The Civil Society Shadow Report to the Sixth National Report of Brazil to CEDAW for the 2001-2005 period is a contribution by the feminist and women's movements to guarantee the effective compliance by the State of Brazil of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. [Source: WUNRN] Online at: http://www.agende.org.br/home/BRAZIL%20SHADOWREPORT%20CEDAW%20-13%20julho07.pdf

Preventing violence before it occurs: A framework and background paper to guide the primary prevention of violence against women in Victoria Victorian Health Promotion Foundation, based in Melbourne Australia, December 2007: This report, commissioned by the Victorian Government in 2006, was designed to review international evidence regarding the factors causing violence against women and models of good practice designed to prevent it. An associated aspect of the work was development of an evidence-based framework to support future efforts to prevent violence against women.  Full document:  http://www.vichealth.vic.gov.au/assets/contentFiles/Preventing%20violence%20before%20it%20occurs_framework%20.pdf

Sexual Violence and the Spectrum of Prevention: Towards a Community Solution, Rachel Davis, Lisa Fujie Parks, and Larry Cohen (Prevention Institute). July 2006:  This NSVRC publication provides advocates, practitioners and educators with a guide for developing a comprehensive community approach to the primary prevention of sexual violence. It explores the Spectrum of Prevention tool, which outlines six levels of intervention and focuses on exploring conditions in an environment which allow sexual violence to occur and replacing current norms with norms that promote safety, respect and equality.  Full document: http://www.nsvrc.org/_cms/fileUpload/spectrum.pdf

Property Ownership and Inheritance Rights of Women for Social Protection - The South Asia Experience. Synthesis Report of Three Studies. International Center for Research on Women. 2006: This multisite International Center for Research on Women study from South Asia indicates that owning land, and especially a home, can be a significant factor in protecting women from domestic violence. Online at:  http://www.icrw.org/docs/2006_propertyrights-southasia.pdf

Family Violence and Homelessness: A Review of the Literature. Sylvia Novac. Ottawa: Canada. National Clearinghouse on Family Violence. Public Health Agency of Canada, 2006:  This literature review summarizes current knowledge about the relationship between family violence and homelessness in Canada. [Source: NCFV E-Bulletin / Bulletin électronique du CNIVF] Full document:  http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/ncfv-cnivf/familyviolence/pdfs/fv-2007-homelessness_e.pdf

Effective Practices in Sheltering Women Leaving Violence Intimate Relationships, Phase II Report, Prepared by Leslie Tutty for YWCA Canada, 2006: According to this report, women identified help finding housing as one of the three most important types of assistance they received from shelter. Also indicative of the connections between experiencing abuse and housing/homelessness, is that many women noted that a lack of housing was the reason that they returned to their abusive partner. [Source: NCFV E-Bulletin / Bulletin électronique du CNIVF] Full document:  http://www.ywcacanada.ca/public_eng/advocacy/Shelter/YWCA_ShelterReport_EN.pdf

IV. Journal Articles

Association of intimate partner physical and sexual violence with unintended pregnancy among pregnant women in Peru, Cripe SM, Sanchez SE, Perales MT, Lam N, Garcia P, Williams MA, International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Feb;100(2):104-108. 2008: The objective of this study was to examine the associations between lifetime physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) with pregnancy intent among pregnant women in Lima, Peru. .(Abstract; subscription needed for full text) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijgo.2007.08.003

Advances in understanding and treating childhood sexual abuse: implications for research and policy. Johnson RJ. Fam Community Health; 31(1): S24-31. 2008: The purpose of this article is to explore advances that have been made in understanding and treating child sexual abuse, to look at the implications for further research, and to address the public health policies that exist for preventing child sexual abuse. [Source: SafeytLit] Full abstract:  http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_83385_20

Cigarette smoking and intimate partner violence among men referred to substance abuse treatment. - Easton CJ, Weinberger AH, McKee SA. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse; 34(1): 39-46. 2008: This study examined differences between alcohol-dependent offenders of intimate partner violence (IPV) with and without current daily cigarette smoking.  [Source: SafeytLit] Full abstract:  http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_83651_20

A comparison of criminal sexual conduct defendants based on victim age. Poortinga E, Lemmen C, Majeske K. J Forensic Sci; 52(6): 1372-5. 2007:  This study compared defendants charged with Criminal Sexual Conduct whose victims were <6 years of age with defendants whose victims were 12 or more years of age. [Source: SafeytLit] Full abstract:  http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_83937_20

A comprehensive programme addressing HIV/AIDS and gender based violence. Jansen van Rensburg MS. SAHARA J; 4(3): 695-706. 2007: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with women from randomly selected households to evaluate the impact of a service provision programme targeting women living with HIV/AIDS and gender based violence. [Source: SafeytLit] Full abstract:  http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_83448_20

A new experimental method assessing attitudes toward adolescent dating and sibling violence using observations of violent interactions. Reese-Weber M. J Adolesc 2007: The present study provides experimental data comparing emerging adults' attitudes toward dating and sibling violence in adolescence using a new methodology in which participants observe a violent interaction between adolescents. [Source: SafeytLit] Full abstract:  http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_83491_20

An estimate of the proportion of drug-facilitation of sexual assault in four U.S. localities. Juhascik MP, Negrusz A, Faugno D, Ledray L, Greene P, Lindner A, Haner B, Gaensslen RE. J Forensic Sci; 52(6): 1396-400. 2007: The true extent of "drug facilitated sexual assault" is not known, and is difficult to estimate. This study recruited sexual assault complainants at four clinics in different parts of the U.S. to anonymously provide urine and hair specimens, and to answer questions about suspected drugging, drug use, and the sexual assault incident. [Source: SafeytLit] Full abstract:  http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_83535_20

Criminal Recidivism Among Juvenile Offenders: Testing the Incremental and Predictive Validity of Three Measures of Psychopathic Features. Douglas KS, Epstein ME, Poythress NG. Law Hum Behav 2007: Risk for adult mental health problems associated with child sexual, physical, or emotional abuse and multiple types of child abuse was examined.  [Source: SafeytLit] Full abstract:  http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_80180_20

Perceptions of motives in intimate partner violence: expressive versus coercive violence. Hamel J, Desmarais SL, Nicholls TL. Violence Vict; 22(5): 563-76. 2007:  This study examined perceptions of motives in the perpetration of intimate partner violence. [Source: SafeytLit] Full abstract:  http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_80275_20

V. Events

The Globalization of Legislation on Violence Against Women Organized by Rosemary Barberet and Gail Garfield, Sociology Department, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, New York, USA, June/July 2008:  This workshop will seek to bring together the analyses of scholars from around the world to assess the current concerns and problems as well as the transformative possibilities of comprehensive anti-violence legislation. By focusing attention on anti-violence legislation and its global contexts, organisers' hope to shed light on the question, what happens when the state assumes authority for women's safety? The workshop will involve 20-30 participants, and is scheduled in June or July of 2009. If you have worked in this area, would like more information, and are interested in attending, either as a participant or presenter, or know someone who might be interested, please contact Rosemary Barberet (rbarberet at jjay.cuny.edu)

Reproductive Health In Emergencies Conference 2008: Only one week remains to submit abstracts! Reproductive Health in Emergencies Conference 2008 will take place from June 18-20 in Kampala, Uganda. For more information or to submit an abstract using our online submissions tool, please visit the Reproductive Health in Emergencies Conference 2008 website at http://www.rhinemergenciesconference.org/2008.

"Discover the Connections! Bridging Strategies to Prevent Child Injury and Maltreatment", Radisson Hotel, Sacramento, CA, USA, February 25-26, 2008 (February 24: Skills-Specific Sessions Only):  California Departments of Public Health (DPH) and Social Services (DSS); and the California Kids' Plates Program at the Center for Injury Prevention Policy and Practice (CIPPP) are pleased to announce California's first combined conference linking the prevention of child injury, abuse, and neglect. For more conference information, please visit www.CIPPP.org

International Conference "Integration of Female Migrant Domestic Workers: Strategies for Employment and Civic Participation" 28 February, 2008, Nicosia, Cyprus:  The conference will address the need for the development of an integration model responsive to the particular needs of female migrant domestic workers in Europe and will involve the participation of NGO representatives, policy makers from both a local and an EU level, public authorities , as well as representatives of international and local migrant organizations, experts in the field of migration and gender studies, as well as representatives from the five partner European countries: Cyprus, Spain, Italy, Greece and Germany. For more information visit: http://www.medinstgenderstudies.org/wp/?p=331

Call for proposals - CARe 9th Annual Multicultural Gathering, May 7, 2008: CARe: Communities Against Rape is pleased to announce a Call for Proposals for the 9th Annual Multicultural Gathering to be held at the scenic Oak Hill Mansion in Carmel, Indiana (a suburb of Indianapolis), USA.  CARe is seeking innovative and interactive workshop proposals on all aspects of sexual violence prevention. CARe would like the opportunity to showcase programs that are culturally relevant and specific. Deadline for proposals is January 31st. For further information or to submit your proposal, please contact the CARe Director of Outreach, Kimber Nicoletti at knicolet at purdue.edu

Call for Papers: Forced Marriages Symposium, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 04-05 June, 2008: The South Asian Legal Clinic of Ontario is currently coordinating a project looking at the myriad social, political, and legal issues concerning the practice of forced or non-consensual marriages, particularly as it impacts young people. An international symposium will take place in Toronto, Canada on June 4 and June 5, 2008. The South Asian Legal Clinic of Ontario is currently accepting submissions for papers, workshops, or the presentation of personal narratives. Abstract Deadline (required): January 25, 2008  [Source: AWID] For more detailed information, please visit http://www.salc.net/indexEnglish.html 

International Human Rights Network: Justice Sector Reform: Applying Human Rights Based Approaches, National University of Ireland, Maynooth, Ireland, June 16-20, 2008:  The aim of the training programme is to enhance the skills of participants in applying Human Rights Based Approaches to Justice Sector Reform. Deadline for Applications: Friday 2 May 2008 (with priority for applications received by Friday 14 March). [Source: AWID] For more information (including application form), please visit http://www.ihrnetwork.org/new-justice-sector-reform.htm



For more events visit:  http://www.svri.org/calendar.htm 


VI. Campaigns

Say No to Violence against Women Campaign:  The United Nations Foundation announced today its support for the "Say NO to Violence against Women" campaign. The Foundation will donate $1 for each the first 100,000 signatures to the online campaign that is run by the UN Development Fund for Women, UNIFEM. The contributions will go to the UNIFEM-managed UN Trust Fund to End Violence against Women.  Sign on to the campaign online at:  http://www.saynotoviolence.org/

White Ribbon Campaign (WRC): The White Ribbon Campaign (WRC) is the largest effort in the world of men working to end violence against women (VAW). In over fifty-five countries, campaigns are led by both men and women, even though the focus is on educating men and boys. In some countries it is a general public education effort focused on ending violence against women.  Website:  http://www.whiteribbon.ca/about_us/

VII. Funding Links / Opportunities

Rotary World Peace Fellows Accepting Applications:  Rotary Centers provide Rotary World Peace Fellows with the opportunity to pursue a master's degree in conflict resolution, peace studies, international relations, and related areas. Each year, up to 60 Rotary World Peace Fellowships are offered on a competitive basis at six Rotary Centers, which operate in partnership with seven leading universities. For more info on the scholarship go to the Rotary website:  http://www.rotary.org/en/StudentsAndYouth/EducationalPrograms/RotaryCentersForInternationalStudies/Pages/ridefault.aspx

Call For Nominations - WWSF PRIZE for Women's Creativity in Rural Life 2008:  The Women's World Summit Foundation cordially invites you to submit nominations for its 15th annual PRIZE for Women's Creativity in Rural Life Award, honouring creative and courageous women and women's organisations working to improve the quality of life in rural communities around the world. Deadline for Nominations is 31 March 2008.  Read more:  http://www.woman.ch/women/1-introduction.php

UN Trust Fund in Support of Actions to Eliminate Violence Against Women:  The UN Trust Fund in Support of Actions to Eliminate Violence Against Women was established by General Assembly resolution 50/166 in 1996 and is managed by the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM). In establishing the UN Trust Fund, the General Assembly highlighted eliminating violence against women as critical to accelerating the implementation of the 1995 Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action. The UN Trust Fund is the only multilateral grant-making mechanism that supports local, national and regional efforts to combat violence. Read more: http://www.unifem.org/gender_issues/violence_against_women/trust_fund.php

 

For more funding links visit:  http://www.svri.org/funding.htm 

VIII. Vacancies

Membership Program Coordinator / The Association for Women's Rights in Development (AWID) / Toronto, Mexico City, or Cape Town / Closing date: February 08, 2008. [Source: AWID Jobs: Week of 28 January 2008] More information: http://www.awid.org

Request for Proposal (RFP): Translators and Editors / The Association for Women's Rights in Development (AWID) / Closing date: February 08, 2008. [Source: AWID Jobs: Week of 28 January 2008] More information: http://www.awid.org

Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist, Ending Violence Against Women / UNIFEM / New York, NY, USA / Closing date: February 04, 2008. [Source: AWID Jobs: Week of 28 January 2008] More information: http://jobs.undp.org/cj_view_job.cfm?job_id=3583

Organizational Development Specialist / UNIFEM / Kabul, Afghanistan / Closing date: January 31, 2008. [Source: AWID Jobs: Week of 28 January 2008] More information: http://jobs.undp.org/cj_view_job.cfm?job_id=3568

Reporting Specialist / UNIFEM / New York, NY, USA / Closing date: January 29, 2008. [Source: AWID Jobs: Week of 28 January 2008] More information: http://jobs.undp.org/cj_view_job.cfm?job_id=3507

Programme Assistant, UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict / UNIFEM / New York, NY, USA / Closing date: January 29, 2008. [Source: AWID Jobs: Week of 28 January 2008] More information: http://jobs.undp.org/cj_view_job.cfm?job_id=3593

Gender and Policy Analyst / Uniterra / Accra, Ghana / Closing date: February 10, 2008. [Source: AWID Jobs: Week of 28 January 2008] More information: http://agora.ceci.ca/postesVacants_en.html => Position # 1027-007

Gender Advocacy Advisor / Uniterra / Tamale, Ghana / Closing date: February 10, 2008. [Source: AWID Jobs: Week of 28 January 2008] More information: http://agora.ceci.ca/postesVacants_en.html => Position # 1026-047

Gender Integration Specialist / World Vision / Washington, DC, USA. [Source: AWID Jobs: Week of 28 January 2008] More information: www.worldvision.org

Executive Director / Women's Dignity / Dar es Salaam, Tanzania / Closing date: February 29, 2008. [Source: AWID Jobs: Week of 28 January 2008] More information: www.womensdignity.org


Manager, Media and Communications / Nobel Women's Initiative / Ottawa, ON, Canada / Closing date: February 24, 2008. [Source: AWID Jobs: Week of 28 January 2008] More information: www.nobelwomensinitiative.org

Chief, Finance, Procurement and Administrative Services / UNIFEM/New York, NY, USA / Closing date: February 11, 2008. [Source: AWID Jobs: Week of 28 January 2008] More information: http://jobs.undp.org/cj_view_job.cfm?job_id=3561

Senior Gender Budgeting Advisor / UNIFEM Afghanistan / Kabul,Afghanistan / Closing date: January 31, 2008. [Source: AWID Jobs: Week of 28 January 2008] More information: http://afghanistan.unifem.org/jobs.html

Legal Project Assistant / UNIFEM Afghanistan / Kabul,Afghanistan / Closing date: February 09, 2008. [Source: AWID Jobs: Week of 28 January 2008] More information: http://afghanistan.unifem.org/jobs.html




______________________________________________________________________________



Sexual violence is a global issue that requires coordinated evidence-based responses.

The Sexual Violence Research Initiative, an initiative of the Global Forum for Health Research, is hosted by the Medical Research Council, South Africa.  The SVRI aims to promote research on sexual violence and generate empirical data to ensure sexual violence is recognized as a priority public health problem.  To learn more about the SVRI visit our website www.svri.org <http://www.svri.org/>  or contact us at svri at mrc.ac.za 

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