[Svrilist] SVRI Update: 06 10 08

Sexual Violence Research Initiative svri at mrc.ac.za
Mon Oct 6 12:43:20 SAST 2008

Dear SVRI List Members

This week's SVRI Update contains a variety of sexual violence related research and resources. Please email svri at mrc.ac.za if you would like us to include relevant sexual violence resources and materials in the SVRI Updates. For more information and resources on sexual violence and the Sexual Violence Research Initiative visit www.svri.org <http://www.svri.org/>  

Today's SVRI Update includes the following:
[Summaries directly taken or adapted from source]

I. Request for Materials: Models & Best Practices for Integrated Mental Health Care in Resource Poor Settings
II. Information Requests from SVRI Listserv Members
Request 1: Measures and instruments related to violence against women, especially organisational and community-level measures and measures of gender-equitable relations and behaviours?
Request 2: Exploring men's perception on VAW 
III. Online Publications
IV. Journal Articles
V. Events
VI. Funding Links / Scholarships / Research Opportunities
VII. SVRI Online Discussion Forum
VIII. Vacancies

I. Request for Materials: Models & Best Practices for Integrated Mental Health Care in Resource Poor Settings

Dear SVRI List Members

The Sexual Violence Research Initiative with support from the Ford Foundation has commissioned a desk review on Models & Best Practices for Integrated Mental Health Care Services in Resource Poor Settings. In summary, the terms of reference are to:

-          outline various models of primary-level mental health care, both those integrated with health care or located within other systems e.g. social services;

-          where available, provide information on evaluations of their impact and the challenges of implementation and scaling up;  

-          focus in particular on mental health care for survivors of sexual and gender violence and people infected/affected by HIV; and

-          identify best practice models of primary mental health care for resource poor settings.

Much of the literature with regard to such models, particularly, in the specific focus areas, may be contained in unpublished project reports and evaluations. To ensure a comprehensive review, we would appreciate your assistance in identifying and forwarding references or publications that you think may be relevant to the above. 

Please forward directly to the consultants, Prof M Freeman and Ray Lazarus at: ianray at telkomsa.net. 

Many thanks for your assistance.

SVRI Secretariat

II. Information Requests from SVRI Listserv Members 

Request 1: Measures and instruments related to violence against women, especially organisational and community-level measures and measures of gender-equitable relations and behaviours?

Dear friends and colleagues,

I am assisting in the design and implementation of impact evaluations for a number of primary prevention programs here in Australia. I have been compiling impact measures related to various dimensions of violence against women, including attitudes and norms, perpetration, and victimisation. However, I have had less success in finding measures or instruments for assessing the following aspects of violence against women:

Bystander intervention, ally behaviour, etc.
Organisational responses
Community norms
Community efficacy
Peer group climate / culture
Good / effective / best practice in policy

If anyone knows of useful measures of these, I would love to hear about them. I've also been compiling measures of attitudes towards gender roles. However, I have a few questions:

Does anyone know of recent or current measures, rather than ones developed in the 70s or 80s? (Particularly ones which have been tested and published in academic sources.)
Does anyone know of measures of 'respectful relationships', that is, of gender-equitable *behaviour* and relations and not just attitudes?

I will of course be searching for these myself, and I'll let the list know what I find.

Best wishes,

Dr Michael Flood
Research Leader
Violence Against Women Program
A partnership of VicHealth & the Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health & Society, La Trobe University
Phone (when in Melbourne): (03) 9667 1388
Mobile: 0415 082 733
Email: mflood at vichealth.vic.gov.au
Post: PO Box 4026, Ainslie ACT, 2602 AUSTRALIA 

Request 2: Exploring men's perception on VAW


My name is Irene Cimò from War Child Canada Office in Gulu, Northern Uganda. I'm in charge of coordinating a 3 months research project on Men's perception of Domestic and Sexual Violence which will target Acholi male population. 

I am looking for previous researches and surveys conducted on this topic, and some tips on the best methodology to use. As you know, much has been done with regards to women's perspective but less involving men directly. Hence, I would like to ask you if you can give me any suggestions or link me up with other scholars or organisations who have already worked on this issue in Africa. Being a very sensitive problem I would like to share lessons learned and tools before starting my own research experience.

Thanks, Best Regards,

Irene Cimò
Research Coordinator
War Child Canada
Northern Uganda
irene.cimo at gmail.com
Tel +256 7540 75567

III. Online Publications

Sexual assault against children, Crime facts info, no. 178, Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology, 21 August 2008: An increase in recorded sexual assault of young people was a major contributor to an overall rise in recorded sexual assault since the mid-1990s. Download full document online at: http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/cfi/cfi178.html

Sexual Violence and HIV: A Technical Assistance Guide for Victim Service Providers, National Sexual Violence Resource Center , 2008: This guide provides information on the prevalence of sexual violence and HIV, types of available HIV testing and treatment, benefits and risks of such testing and treatment, victims' possible fears surrounding HIV, sexual offender testing, and steps victim service professionals can take to meet the needs of sexual violence victims. Online at: http://www.nsvrc.org/_cms/fileUpload/Projects/HIV%20Guide-web.pdf

Sexual Violence in Disasters: A planning guide for prevention and response, Alisa Klein. Louisiana Foundation Against Sexual Assault (LaFASA) & National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC), 2008: This guide offers readers important information about sexual violence and disasters that will help communities to understand the connection and develop better disaster responses. It presents a range of recommendations from suggesting small changes to developing comprehensive plans, making preparations, and coordinating far-reaching policy change. The guide is arranged according to phases of a disaster, and the color-coded phases offer a multitude of things to consider. The 'Getting Started' work sheets in the back have been designed to facilitate the process of disaster planning. Full document: http://www.nsvrc.org/_cms/fileUpload/Projects/NSVRCPUB_SV_Disaster_web.pdf

"Positive Women Monitoring Change: A Monitoring Tool on Access to Care, Treatment and Support Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights and Violence Against Women" The International Community of Women Living with HIV/AIDS and The Support to International Partnership Against AIDS in Africa Programme, The International Community of Women Living with HIV/AIDS. 2008: How can we measure progress on government commitments to positive change for HIV positive women? Fed up with being approached by researchers but never seeing the results, HIV positive women in Lesotho and Swaziland devised a tool that they themselves could use with other HIV positive women to monitor access to care, treatment and support; sexual and reproductive health and rights; and violence against women. [Source: AWID] Full document: http://www.icw.org/node/242

Indigenous Women and Violence Quebec Native Women Inc. January 2008: This report, presented to the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women in January 2008, considers why levels of abuse are so high among indigenous women in Canada, providing some historical background. [Source: Siyanda] Full document (in English and French).: http://www.faq-qnw.org/documents/reportviolence2008.pdf

Democratic Republic of Congo: North Kivu: No End to the War Against Women and Children, Amnesty International, 2008: Amnesty International has found substantial evidence that armed groups in North Kivu have continued to commit crimes under international law, including unlawful killings, rape, torture, and the recruitment and use of child soldiers, even after the armed groups promised to immediately end these abuses in a 23 January 2008 "Act of Engagement". [Source: WUNRN] Access full report online at: http://amnesty.org/en/library/asset/AFR62/005/2008/en/f23caedf-8e4a-11dd-8e5e-43ea85d15a69/afr620052008en.html

Violence against Women and HIV - Cause and Consequence. Case studies on intersection of twin pandemics, Conscious Media Forum, ActionAid Nepal, 2007: The primary objective of this study is to investigate the experiences of women survivors of violence and women living with HIV & AIDS. In particular, their understanding of what made/makes them vulnerable to HIV and whether their seropositive status increases their vulnerability to violence. Full document online at:  http://www.svri.org/violence.pdf

Primary prevention of intimate-partner violence and sexual violence: Background paper for WHO expert meeting. May 2-3, 2007. A. Harvey, C. Garcia-Moreno and A. Butchart, WHO, 2007: This paper explores what can be done to prevent violence against adolescent and adult women that occurs within intimate relationships, and sexual violence that occurs outside intimate relationships. Full document: http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/publications/violence/IPV-SV.pdf

For more country specific resources on sexual violence visit our country pages:  http://www.svri.org/countries.htm

IV. Journal Articles

Sexual violence-related fistulas in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Mathias Onsrud, Solbjørg Sjøveian, Roger Luhiriri and Dennis Mukwege, International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 23 September 2008: The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude of traumatic gynecologic fistulas caused by sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo. [Source: Science Direct] Full abstract: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T7M-4THB4HS-6&_user=10&_coverDate=09%2F23%2F2008&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=b73d455217acded784ee9d1a4dd15c0a

Acute rib fracture diagnosis in an infant by US: a matter of child protection. Kelloff J, Hulett R, Spivey M. Pediatr Radiol 2008; ePub: Rib fractures in infants and children are highly specific for inflicted injury in the absence of a major accidental injury or underlying bone disorder. [Source: SafetyLit] Full abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_90763_20

Attitudes toward intimate partner violence in dating relationships. Fincham FD, Cui M, Braithwaite S, Pasley K. Psychol Assess; 20(3): 260-9. 2008: Prevention of intimate partner violence on college campuses includes programs designed to change attitudes, and hence, a scale that assesses such attitudes is needed. [Source: SafetyLit] Full abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_90033_20

Characteristics of domestic violence incidents reported at the scene by volunteer victim advocates. McCarroll JE, Castro S, Nelson EM, Fan Z, Evans PK, Rivera A. Mil Med; 173(9): 865-70. 2008: At a single U.S. Army installation from 1997 to 2005, domestic violence volunteer victim advocates assisted 1,417 clients in 1,380 physical and 301 verbal abuse incidents. [Source: SafetyLit] Full abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_90702_20

Danger Zone: Battered Mothers and Their Families in Supervised Visitation. Parker T, Rogers K, Collins M, Edleson JL. Violence Against Women 2008; ePub: This article describes some of the key lessons the authors learned over 18 months of planning and then another 18 months of implementation at a Supervised Visitation Centre developed specifically to serve families for whom domestic violence was their primary reason for referral. [Source: SafetyLit] Full abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_90639_20

Dimensionality of subscales for emotional support in the Bosch Support Measure for survivors of domestic abuse. Bosch KR, Schumm WR. Psychol Rep; 102(3): 657-64. 2008: Items from the Emotional Support Subscale of the Bosch Support Measure were administered in a small survey of 56 formerly abused rural women in the midwestern USA. [Source: SafetyLit] Full abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_89979_20

Health-sector responses to intimate partner violence in low- and middle-income settings: a review of current models, challenges and opportunities. Colombini M, Mayhew S, Watts C. Bull WHO; 86(8): 635-42. 2008: Drawing upon models of health-sector integration, this paper reviews current initiatives to integrate responses to IPV into the health sector in low- and middle-income settings. [Source: SafetyLit] Full text article: http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/86/8/07-045906.pdf

Injury biomechanics and child abuse. Pierce MC, Bertocci G. Annu Rev Biomed Eng; 10: 85-106. 2008: This article reviews key issues in child abuse and how injury biomechanics research may help improve accuracy in differentiating abuse from accidental events. [Source: SafetyLit] Full abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_90029_20

Acceptability of a stage-matched expert system intervention for domestic violence offenders. Levesque DA, Driskell MM, Prochaska JM, Prochaska JO. Violence Vict; 23(4): 432-45. 2008: A multimedia expert system intervention based on the transtheoretical model (the"stage model") was developed as an adjunct to traditional court-mandated programs. [Source: SafetyLit] Full abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_90290_20

Nurturing natural resources: the ecology of interpersonal relationships in women who have thrived despite childhood maltreatment. Roman MW, Hall JM, Bolton KS. ANS Adv Nurs Sci; 31(3): 184-97. 2008: The important role that positive interactions can play was evident in a large study of women who considered themselves successful despite maltreatment. Interactions of import ranged from brief encounters with strangers to enduring relationships. [Source: SafetyLit] Full abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_90021_20

Play Context, Commitment, and Dating Violence: A Structural Equation Model. Gonzalez-Mendez R, Hernandez-Cabrera JA. J Interpers Violence 2008; ePub: This study develops a structural equation model to describe the effect of two groups of factors (type of commitment and play context) on the violence experienced during intimate partner conflict.  [Source: SafetyLit] Full abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_90252_20

Practitioner sex abuse: occurrence, prevention and disciplinary sanction. Jousset N, Gaudin A, Penneau M, Rougé-Maillart C. Med Sci Law; 48(3): 203-10. 2008: Studies put forward figures for male practitioner sex abuse of around ten per cent. This practice, which is contrary to medical ethics, is highly reprehensible in ethical terms. The assaults range from uninvited meddling in patients' sexual lives to proven rape and inappropriate touching. [Source: SafetyLit] Full abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_90015_20

Prediction of Child Abuse Risk from Emergency Department Use. Guenther E, Knight S, Olson LM, Dean JM, Keenan HT. J Pediatr 2008; ePub: To examine whether pre-abuse rates and patterns of emergency department visits between children with supported child abuse and age-matched control subjects are useful markers for abuse risk.  [Source: SafetyLit] Full abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_90762_20

Readiness to change, partner violence subtypes, and treatment outcomes among men in treatment for partner assault. Eckhardt C, Holtzworth-Munroe A, Norlander B, Sibley A, Cahill M. Violence Vict; 23(4): 446-75. 2008: Men court-mandated to attend a batterer's intervention program (BIP) were evaluated to determine whether pre-BIP readiness to change and the presence of partner violence subtypes predicted BIP completion, criminal recidivism, and postadjudication partner violence 6 months post-BIP.  [Source: SafetyLit] Full abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_90224_20

Stages of change in batterers and their response to treatment. Alexander PC, Morris E. Violence Vict; 23(4): 476-92. 2008: One important dimension of individual differences among batterers is their readiness to change. [Source: SafetyLit] Full abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_90289_20

Understanding the behavioral and emotional consequences of child abuse. Stirling J, Amaya-Jackson L, Amaya-Jackson L. Pediatrics; 122(3): 667-73. 2008: Children who have suffered early abuse or neglect may later present with significant behavior problems including emotional instability, depression, and a tendency to be aggressive or violent with others. [Source: SafetyLit] Full abstract: http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5b%5d=citjournalarticle_89932_20

Preventing adult sexual violence through education? Carmody, M, Current Issues in Criminal Justice, Vol 18 No 2, pp.342-356, 2006: This paper will provide an overview of current research on the effectiveness of sexual assault prevention education programmes in Australia and the US.  It will also consider some of the limitations and unintended consequences of existing approaches to sexual assault prevention. Full article: http://www.sexualethics.org.au/Publications/Preventing-adult-sexual-violence-through-education.pdf

For additional issues related resources and articles on sexual violence visit our issues pages:  http://www.svri.org/issues.htm

V. Events

The 11th AWID International Forum on Women's Rights and Development. The Power of Movements, Cape Town International Convention Centre (CTICC), Cape Town, South Africa, November 14-17, 2008: More information: www.awid.org/forum08 

Call for abstracts - Association for Research on Mothering (ARM), 12th Annual Conference - Mothering, Violence, Militarism, War, and Social Justice (with embedded Motherhood Movement Conference), York University, Toronto, October 23-26, 2008: [Source: WUNRN] More details: http://www.yorku.ca/arm/Violenceflyer.pdf

Save the Date -please diarize - SVRI Forum 2009: Research for Advocacy and Interventions to end Sexual Violence, Johannesburg, South Africa, 6 - 9 July 2009. Further details will be sent out via the SVRI listserv. 

Visit our events / calendar pages for event information: http://www.svri.org/calendar.htm

VI. Funding Links / Scholarships / Research Opportunities

MacArthur Foundation: MacArthur is one of the nation's largest independent foundations with assets of $7 billion and annual grantmaking of approximately $300 million. Through the support it provides, the Foundation fosters the development of knowledge, nurtures individual creativity, strengthens institutions, helps improve public policy, and provides information to the public, primarily through support for public interest media. More information online at: http://www.macfound.org/site/c.lkLXJ8MQKrH/b.929441/

Call for Papers: ENQUIRE: 3rd Issue, Winter 2009. Theme for the 3rd Issue: Narrating Women's Experiences: ENQUIRE aims to be established as a high quality online journal for the Social Sciences which provides an encouraging and exciting space for academic research from the UK and world-wide. We also hope to fill a gap in the Postgraduate Research world by providing a critical, high quality-oriented but nevertheless supportive and motivating procedure for publications by postgraduate students, post-doctoral students and early career academics. In this 3rd issue of ENQUIRE we ask authors to explore the various ways that women engage in narrative practices. Closing date for submissions: 21st November 2008. [Source: [Women-east-west]]Detailed guidelines for authors can be found on the ENQUIRE website at: www.nottingham.ac.uk/sociology/enquire

Request for Nomination for Africa Regional Sexuality Resource Centre (ARSRC) visiting Fellowship Programme targeting SADC: ARSRC is currently looking to host a scholar from SADC as a visiting fellow for a period of 1 to 3 months. The ARSRC has already offered three of such fellowships to candidates from three regions (North, East and West Africa). Application should be submitted before October 11, 2008. For more information please email: opportunities at actionhealthinc.org

'Field Action Science Report' Call for Papers: 'FACTS Reports' is a unique forum that will publish manuscripts and opinion pieces related to field-based activities within various topic areas: economics, health, education, agriculture, urban planning and environmental issues. The goal of the journal is to collect and disseminate knowledge and best practices on field activities and provide a platform of communication and exchange among field-based professionals. Submitted papers should not have been previously published nor be currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. All papers are referred through a peer review process. [Source: [GDNews] # 78] For more information visit: www.institut.veolia.org/en/facts-initiative.aspx

SVRI Funding Links Page: For details on funders who have funding sources available for research on sexual violence visit: http://www.svri.org/funding.htm

VII. SVRI Online Discussion Forum 

The SVRI provides you with a platform to interact online with other members of the SVRI who have registered with the SVRI Online Discussion Forum. To view current discussions, comment or create your own please visit: http://www.svri.org/activities.htm#svri

VIII. Vacancies

Jobs at the International Center for Research on Women: For vacancies at ICRW visit the ICRW Jobs page. Vacancies are open until removed from the web. ICRW Jobs Paget: http://www.icrw.org/html/jobs/jobs.htm

UNIFEM Job Vacancies: New UNIFEM job vacancy announcements are available on the UNIFEM website: http://www.unifem.org/about/jobs.php


Sexual violence is a global issue that requires coordinated evidence-based responses.

The Sexual Violence Research Initiative, an initiative of the Global Forum for Health Research, is hosted by the Medical Research Council, South Africa.  The SVRI aims to promote research on sexual violence and generate empirical data to ensure sexual violence is recognized as a priority public health problem.  To learn more about the SVRI visit our website www.svri.org <http://www.svri.org/>  or contact us at svri at mrc.ac.za 

To unsubscribe from the list, email svri at mrc.ac.za 

Please circulate these resources widely.


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