[Svrilist] SVRI Update: 10 04 2014

Sexual Violence Research Initiative svri at mrc.ac.za
Thu Apr 10 16:41:47 SAST 2014

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Dear SVRI List Members

This SVRI Update contains a variety of sexual violence related research and resources. If you would like to have your sexual violence related resources included in the Update, please send your materials to svri at mrc.ac.za<mailto:svri at mrc.ac.za>. For more information and resources on sexual violence and the Sexual Violence Research Initiative visit www.svri.org<http://www.svri.org>. Please note that the SVRI Updates are also available on our Facebook<https://www.facebook.com/pages/Sexual-Violence-Research-Initiative/71822396561?fref=ts> page.

Today’s SVRI Update includes the following:
[Summaries directly taken or adapted from source]

I. SVRI member request: Published articles on community-based interventions designed to reduce IPV in formal, heterosexual couple relationships
II. Sexual violence in the news
III. Advocacy and awareness raising
IV. Websites
V. Online publications/resources
VI. Journal articles
VII. Events
VIII. Funding links / research opportunities / fellowships and scholarships
IX. Vacancies

I. SVRI member request: Published articles on community-based interventions designed to reduce IPV in formal, heterosexual couple relationships

Laila Rahman is interested in prevention of intimate partner violence research and practices. Currently, Laila is searching for articles that have published results of community-based interventions with a general population using a randomized controlled trial design to reduce women's experience of intimate partner violence. Using popular search engines, only a few studies have been found. Laila would appreciate if SVRI members could identify and share published articles that have all the following characteristics:

  *   Tested interventions in community settings with a general adult population of age 15 years and above;
  *   Used a randomized controlled trial (RCT) design;
  *   The main or one of the outcome variables is to reduce intimate partner violence;
  *   Violence is perpetrated by men to women in formal (marriage/common-law partners) and heterosexual couple relationships; and finally,
  *   The study has published results of tested interventions, that is, I'm not looking for trial protocols or studies that didn't test any interventions.

If you know of any such articles, please email Laila at laila.rahman at mail.utoronto.ca<mailto:laila.rahman at mail.utoronto.ca>.

II. Sexual violence in the news

Fighting ‘sugar daddies’ - or raising ‘sugar’ girls? Health-e, 7 April 2014<http://www.health-e.org.za/2014/04/07/fighting-sugar-daddies-raising-sugar-girls/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=fighting-sugar-daddies-raising-sugar-girls>: Nonhlanhla Matsunyane was in Grade 11 when a man 20 years older than her followed her to school one day. Within months, the man was providing her struggling family with groceries and money - and she was providing him with sex even though he refused to use condoms.

Children see domestic violence that often goes unreported, research finds, Eurekalert, 7 April 2014<http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-04/apa-cs040414.php>: A nationwide study of children who have witnessed domestic violence found that parents or caregivers were physically injured in more than a third of the cases, yet only a small fraction of offenders went to jail and just one in four incidents resulted in police reports, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.

Senators push for more staff at agency to investigate sexual abuse at colleges, Huffington Post, 4 April 2014<http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/04/04/agency-sexual-assault-investigations-mccaskill-gillibrand_n_5092748.html>: Sens. Claire McCaskill (D-Mo.) and Kirsten Gillibrand (D-N.Y.) have put aside their differences on military sexual assault reform<http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/02/06/mccaskill-gillibrand-military-sexual-assault_n_4739870.html> to turn their attention to the issue of rape on college campuses. In a letter sent Friday, the pair requested an increase in funding at the U.S. Department of Education to improve enforcement of campus crime laws.

Giving a voice to marginalised women in Tanzania - animated video, The Guardian, 13 March 2014<http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/video/2014/mar/13/giving-voice-marginalised-women-tanzania-vso-animation-video>: With the Tanzanian government in the process of formulating a new constitution, women's rights organisations across the country are working to improve gender equality. Here, a young woman tells of how she was lured away from her village by the promise of work in Dar es Salaam, only to be forced into sexual slavery.

Female perspectives on ending sexual violence: Overcoming rape-related PTSD, The Women's International Perspective, 9 March 2014<http://thewip.net/2014/03/09/female-perspectives-on-ending-sexual-violence-overcoming-rape-related-ptsd/>: Audra’s earliest recollection of traumatic violence dates back to before she was three years old when her step-mother repeatedly beat her into unconsciousness. The trauma of physical violence and sexual abuse continued throughout Audra’s life and ended at age 21 when she separated from her then husband.

III. Advocacy and awareness raising

Stop webcam child sex tourism - the online campaign. Terre des Hommes Netherlands<http://www.terredeshommes.org/webcam-child-sex-tourism/>: This campaign raises the alarm about a largely unknown, but quickly spreading new form of child exploitation that has got tens of thousands victims involved in the Philippines alone: webcam child sex tourism. In less than two and a half months Terre des Hommes researchers were able to identify over 1,000 adults who were willing to pay children in developing countries to perform sexual acts in front of the webcam. With the help of a virtual 10 year old Philippine girl the researchers identified adults from more than 65 countries. The video footage of the child predators has been handed over to the police authorities today. [Source: WUNRN].

IV. Websites

Canadian Child Welfare Research Portal<http://cwrp.ca/>: The Portal is designed to provide child welfare professionals, researchers, and the general public with a single point of access to Canadian child welfare research, i.e. research on abused and neglected children and on the programs and policies developed to support and protect these children and to support their families. [Source: CWRP].

Research Watch<http://cwrp.ca/researchwatch>: This joint McGill / University of Toronto initiative is a monthly journal club for faculty and doctoral students interested in child welfare research.  Empirical studies published in the leading child welfare journals are reviewed and the most salient and rigorous studies selected to be summarised and distributed in a monthly e-newsletters. Subscribe online. [Source: CWRP].

Making victims part of the solution - Untested sexual assault kits<http://victimsofcrime.org/our-programs/dna-resource-center/untested-sexual-assault-kits>: The DNA Resource Center of the National Center for Victims of Crime is pleased to offer this page on training, technical assistance, and resources for victim-centred responses to the problem of backlogged and untested sexual assault kits. [Source: RAINNet].

V. Online publications/resources

Promoting protective factors for in-risk families and youth: A brief for researchers. Administration on Children, Youth and Families, 2014<http://www.dsgonline.com/acyf/PF_Research_Brief.pdf>: This brief reviews the importance of protective factors in working with the in‐risk populations and provides a foundation for the development of a protective factors framework that could inform programs and policy to improve outcomes for these populations (pdf 496 kb). [Source: Children's Bureau Express].

Methodologies and tools for measuring the mental health and psychosocial wellbeing of children in humanitarian contexts: Report of a mapping exercise for the Child Protection Working Group and Mental Health and Psychosocial Support reference group. Ager A, Robinson S and Metzler J. Columbia Group for Children in Adversity and Child Protection in Crisis Network, 2014<http://cpwg.net/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2014/03/Measuring-Child-MHPSS-in-Emergencies_CU_Mapping-Report_March-2014.pdf>: This report maps the current repertoire of tools and approaches available for measuring children’s psychosocial wellbeing and is a key step in providing practical recommendations to practitioners to guide the development of initial assessments and ongoing monitoring and evaluation tools in humanitarian settings (pdf 897.53 kb). [Source: SAMRC].

Improving the lives of married, adolescent girls in Amhara, Ethiopia: A summary of the evidence. Edmeades J and Hayes R, with Gaynair G. International Center for Research on Women, 2014<http://www.icrw.org/publications/improving-lives-married-adolescent-girls-amhara-ethiopia>: This report describes a programme implemented by CARE-Ethiopia and evaluated by the ICRW to mitigate the effects of child marriage. [Source: ICRW].

Video library: Birth parent national network training. National Alliance of Children’s Trust and Prevention Funds, 2014<http://www.bpnn.ctfalliance.org/bpnnwebinar.htm>: This Public policy webinar recording provides information to effectively influence policy for work with parent leaders and policy makers. [Source: Friendsnrc].

What we know and don't know about addictions and pornography. Bengis S, Prescott D.S and Tabachnick J. NEARI News, 7 (3), 2014<http://www.nearipress.org/newsletter>: This month, the authors chose an article that steps firmly into the controversy of the term "Pornography Addiction." Ley, Prause and Finn (2014) take on the controversy about labelling adults who use way too much visual sexual stimuli (VSS) as addicts. [Source: NEARI Press].

Assessing mental health and psychosocial needs and resources: Toolkit for humanitarian settings. WHO and UNHCR, 2012<http://www.who.int/mental_health/resources/toolkit_mh_emergencies/en/>: This document offers an approach that should help assessors review information that is already available and only collect new data that will be of practical use. [Source: SAMRC].

An annotated bibliography of child maltreatment and child welfare research: Systemic implications. Prepared for the California Department of Social Services by the Center for Social Services Research, UC Berkeley, March - April 2011<http://cssr.berkeley.edu/cwscmsreports/ppts/Annotated%20Bibliography%20-%20Grid%20of%20Systemic%20Implications.pdf>: This document cites multiple child welfare specific research articles and books, several using National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being data. [Source: Child Maltreatment Researchers].

VI. Journal articles

Please note, to obtain a full copy of a journal article you may write to the author given as the contact person by the respective publishing house to request a copy.

She deserved it: Effects of sexism norms, type of violence, and victim's pre-assault behavior on blame attributions toward female victims and approval of the aggressor's behaviour. Koepke S, Eyssel F, Bohner G. Violence Against Women; ePub, 2014<http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5B%5D=citjournalarticle_434565_37>: Effects of ambivalent sexism, sexism norms, victim behavior, and type of violence on male students' reactions to male violence against women in intimate relationships were examined. [Source: SafetyLit].

Honor, collectivity, and agnation: Emerging risk factors in "honor"-based violence. Payton J. J. Interpers. Violence, ePub, 2014<http://www.safetylit.org/citations/index.php?fuseaction=citations.viewdetails&citationIds%5B%5D=citjournalarticle_434247_37>: This article will argue that there are grounds for the differentiation of HBV as a sub-category of gender-based violence which may affect risk management. [Source: SafetyLit].

School-based mental health intervention for children in war-affected Burundi: A cluster randomized trial. Tol W.A, Komproe I.H, Jordans M.J.D et al. BMC Medicine, 12:56, 2014<http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/12/56/abstract>: This article evaluates the effectiveness of a school-based intervention aimed at reducing symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and anxiety (treatment aim); and improving a sense of hope and functioning (preventive aim). [Source: SAMRC].

A cross-sectional study on the effect of post-rape training on knowledge and confidence of health professionals in South Africa. Jina R, Jewkes R, Christofides N and Loots L. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, ePub, 2014<http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0020729214001891>: This article determines whether a national training program on post-rape care in South Africa resulted in improvements in knowledge and confidence in health professionals, and to distinguish baseline factors related to these changes in knowledge and confidence. [Source: Scholar Alert].

Adolescent girls' experiences of violence in school in Sierra Leone and the challenges to sustainable change. Reilly A. Gender and Development, Special Issue: Education, 22 (1), 2014<http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13552074.2014.902239#.U0Z42_mSyX8>: This article explores what is working to reduce gender-based violence in junior secondary schools in Sierra Leone, focusing in particular on Plan UK's Building Skills for Life project. [Source: AWID].

Double disadvantage: The influence of childhood maltreatment and community violence exposure on adolescent mental health. Cecil C.A.M, Viding E, Barker E.D, Guiney J et al. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, ePub, 2014<http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jcpp.12213/abstract>: This study applies a Latent Profile Analysis to data from a community sample of high-risk adolescents and young adults to categorize groups of participants with similar patterns of childhood (i.e. past) maltreatment exposure. [Source: Child Welfare Information Gateway].

Violence, crime, and abuse exposure in a national sample of children and youth: An update. Finkelhor D, Turner H.A, Shattuck A and Hamby S.L. JAMA Pediatrics, 167 (7), 2013<http://www.unh.edu/ccrc/pdf/cv283.pdf>: This article provides updated estimates of and trends for childhood exposure to a broad range of violence, crime, and abuse victimisations (pdf 153.35 kb). [Source: Child Maltreatment Researchers].

The lifetime prevalence of child sexual abuse and sexual assault assessed in late adolescence. Finkelhor D, Turner H.A, Shattuck A and Hamby S.L. Journal of Adolescent Health, in press, 2014<http://www.unh.edu/ccrc/pdf/9248.pdf>: This article estimates the likelihood that a recent cohort of children would be exposed to sexual abuse and sexual assault by age 17 in the United States (pdf 365.55 kb). [Source: Child Maltreatment Researchers].

VII. Events

Webinar: Growing our impact - Moving from individual awareness building to community norms change strategies as a part of sexual and domestic violence prevention efforts, 24 April 2014<http://www.preventconnect.org/2014/04/_webconf_impact/>. This web conference explores innovative strategies for going beyond individual focused PSAs and curriculum implementation towards a community norms change approach. Presenters will take a look at case studies where social media, art and digital storytelling have been leveraged to shift norms and prevent violence. [Source: PreventConnect].

Online training course: Gender and human rights, 7 May - 14 June 2014<http://www.awid.org/Get-Involved/Events/Events-Around-the-World/Short-course10>. This e-learning course offered by Human Rights Education Associates (HREA) provides a general introduction to the evolution of concepts of gender equality and women's rights within the international human rights system. [Source: AWID].

Legal remedies and support for young people and vulnerable adults who have been sexually exploited, 28 May 2014, London, United Kingdom<http://www.avaproject.org.uk/our-training--events/open-training/violence-against-women-training/legal-remedies-and-support-for-young-people-and-vulnerable-adults-who-have-been-sexually-exploited,-28-may-2014,-london.aspx>. This topical and newly designed one-day course is delivered in partnership by AVA and Rights of Women, and will focus on supporting young people and vulnerable adults who have experienced, or at risk of experiencing, sexual exploitation. Book online. [Source: AVA].

Exploring the potential of restorative justice for sexual violence: the need for an integrated response, 12 - 14 November 2014, Leuven, Belgium<http://www.law.kuleuven.be/linc/english/conferencesexualviolence>. This conference will allow not only to disseminate the first preliminary results of the project but also to gather a number of world experts on the topic. Based on the presentation of original papers, the conference will create a forum for discussion and exchange of ideas for the possible further development of restorative justice in the field of sexual violence. Abstract submissions close: 31 June 2014. Read more about the restorative justice for sexual violence project online<http://www.law.kuleuven.be/linc/english/research/researchdaphnesexualviolence.html>. [Source: University of Leuven].

Online discussion on the role of faith-based organisations in the prevention and response to sexual and intimate partner violence<http://www.svri.org/OnlineInvite.pdf>: We would like to invite all faiths to participate in an online discussion, on the role of FBOs in the prevention and response to sexual and intimate partner violence. Please register online<http://www.svri.org/forums/> (no cost) to participate. Please do not hesitate to contact us with any queries at: svri at mrc.ac.za<mailto:svri at mrc.ac.za>.

For more events visit: http://www.svri.org/calendar.htm

VIII. Funding links / research opportunities / fellowships and scholarships

Fellowship opportunity: University-based doctoral candidates and faculty for research in child maltreatment<http://www.acf.hhs.gov/grants/open/foa/index.cfm?switch=foa&fon=HHS-2014-ACF-ACYF-CA-0803>: This 24-month fellowship program is designed to identify, develop, and empower a new generation of scholars who will use their research to generate new knowledge in child maltreatment and will pursue careers in child abuse and neglect research and evaluation. Closing date: 9 June 2014. [Source: Cornell University].

Funding opportunity: Establishment of a national center for community-based child abuse prevention<http://www.acf.hhs.gov/grants/open/foa/index.cfm?switch=foa&fon=HHS-2014-ACF-ACYF-CZ-0799>. The purpose of this opportunity is to establish by cooperative agreement a national center for community-based child abuse prevention. The key focus is on building the capacity to effectively implement the requirements of the program and support evidence-informed and evidence-based child maltreatment prevention programs and activities. Closing date: 9 June 2014. [Source: Friendsnrc].

Funding opportunity: Child maltreatment research using innovative approaches<http://www.acf.hhs.gov/grants/open/foa/view/HHS-2014-ACF-ACYF-CA-0810>. This grant will support child maltreatment research that utilizes innovative research designs, including system sciences approaches and network analysis, to address existing knowledge gaps in the field. Studies funded through this grant will allow the Children’s Bureau to support innovative ideas on how to address current research challenges, and will look across systems using a social-ecological framework in order to better understand the multiple, complex facets of child abuse and neglect. Closing date: 9 June 2014. [Source: Friendsnrc].

Call for contributions: Women PeaceMakers and Peace Writer programmes<http://www.awid.org/Get-Involved/Calls-for-Participation2/Call-for-applications-Women-PeaceMakers-and-Peace-Writer>. The Women PeaceMakers is collaborating with Peace Writers and a film team to document personal stories through writing, video and audio recording. The program seeks to create a space for peacemakers to renew personal commitments to their work and to take time to reflect in a safe and nurturing environment that promotes new learning and an authentic exchange of ideas. Closing dates: Women PeaceMakers - 15 May 2014, Peace Writers - 30 May 2014. [Source: AWID].

IX. Vacancies

Associate Director (Clinical instructor)<mailto:ccarter at ssw.umaryland.edu> / National Center for Evidence-Based Practice in Child Welfare, University of Maryland / Baltimore, Maryland / Closing date: Open until filled. [Source: University of Maryland].

Primary Prevention Specialist (Violence against women and girls)<http://ch.tbe.taleo.net/CH02/ats/careers/requisition.jsp?org=IRC&cws=1&rid=10401> / International Rescue Committee / New York, USA / Closing date: Open until filled. [Source: IRC].

Emergency WPE/GBV Manager<http://ch.tbe.taleo.net/CH02/ats/careers/requisition.jsp?org=IRC&cws=1&rid=10436> / International Rescue Committee / Bentiu, South Sudan / Closing date: June 9, 2014. [Source: IRC].

Programme Officer: Short-term consultancy<http://countryoffice.unfpa.org/pacific/2010/06/17/2345/vacancies/> / United Nations Population Fund - Pacific Sub-Regional Office / Kiribati / Closing date: April 23, 2014. [Source: Pacwin].

Director<mailto:%20VHunter at cdc.gov> / National Center Injury Prevention and Control, CDC / Atlanta, USA / Closing date: April 11, 2014. Application for PhD or equivalent advanced degree<HHS-CDC-AD-14-1051258>. Application for MDs<HHS-CDC-AD-14-1056920>. [Source: PreventConnect].

Gender Specialist<http://www.comminit.com/ci-classifieds/content/gender-specialist-youth-development-and-juvenile-justice-reform-program-eastern-caribbea> / Management Systems International / Canary Islands, Eastern Caribbean / Closing date: Open until filled. [Source: Communication Initiative].


Sexual violence is a global issue that requires coordinated evidence-based responses.

The Sexual Violence Research Initiative is hosted by the Medical Research Council, South Africa.  The SVRI aims to promote research on sexual violence and generate empirical data to ensure sexual violence is recognized as a priority public health problem.  To learn more about the SVRI visit our website www.svri.org<http://www.svri.org> or contact us at svri at mrc.ac.za<mailto:svri at mrc.ac.za>

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